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BarakAllahu feekum wassalaamu ‘alaykum.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمدُ للهِ ربِّ العالمين والصلاةُ والسلامُ على رسوله الأمين
أما بعد
فالسلام عليكم و رحمة الله

It is true to say that although much information has reached us about
Fasting and Ramadaan – authentic or otherwise, we know very little about the
etiquettes of ‘Eid: what we are recommended to do in this day and what is
obligatory for us to do. Below is a brief list of some of the prescribed
practices of ‘Eid.


1. It is established from the Companion Ibn ‘Umar, that he used to bath on
the morning of ‘Eid. The tabi’ee, Sa’eed ibn al Musayyib said: “The sunnah
of the fitr is three: walking to the Prayer ground, eating before going out
and taking a bath.” [Saheeh – Al Firyaabee & al-Irwaa (2/104)]

2. It is known that the companion Ibn ‘Umar would also dressed in his best
clothes for the two ‘Eids as reported by Ibn Hajr in his Fathul-Baaree

3. It is compulsory on all adult sane Muslims to pray the ‘Eid prayer. The
Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and his Companions never ceased doing
it and he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam commanded everyone including women,
children and the elderly to attend. Even menstruating women should go to the
place of congregation so that they may partake in the blessings .[Bukharee
and Muslim]

4. It is Sunnah to eat dates before we leave for Al-‘Eid prayer to show
openly that we are not fasting on this day. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alaihi
wa sallam, used not to leave for Al-Eid [al- Fitr] prayer except after
eating some dates. [Reported by Anas bin Maalik & collected in Saheeh
al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. vol.2 p.40 no.73) & Ahmad.]

5. It is Sunnah to say takbeer loudly when leaving our homes to go to ‘Eid
prayer and repeat these till the prayer starts. [Silsilatal-
Ahaadeeth-Saheehah (no 171).]

6. It is preferable to pray the ‘Eid prayer on open ground and not at the
masjid if possible. [Bukharee and Muslim]

7. Neither Adhaan nor Iqaamah are said for ‘Eid prayer. [Reported by Ibn
‘Abbaas and Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah & collected in Saheeh al- Bukhaaree (Eng.
trans. vol.2 p.40)]

8. It is Sunnah to say the extra takbeers i.e. say ‘Allaahu Akbar’ seven
times in the first rak’ah and five times in the second. [Aboo Daawood, Ahmad
& others.] It is preferable to only raise the hands to the shoulders after
the first takbeer and then fold them upon the chest. However, it is
authentically reported from Ibn ‘Umar radhiAllaahu ‘anhu that he would raise
his hands with every takbeer.

9. It is Sunnah to take different routes to and from the prayer ground,
preferably walking if possible. Jaabir reported that the Prophet sallallaahu
‘alaihi wa sallam used to come back from the ‘Eid prayer on a path other
than the one used in going to it. [Bukharee]


The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam would say takbeer loudly when
travelling to go to the ‘Eid prayer. Ahadeeth have not reached us telling us
exactly what he used to say, but Ibn Abee Shayhah narrated that Ibn Mas’ood,
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu used to say the following:

Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa eelaahaa ilallaah
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, wa lillaahil-hamd

Allaah is Great, Allaah is Great, there is none worthy of worship except He.
Allaah is Great, Allaah is Great, and to Him belongs all Praise.

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, who never spoke of his own
desire, said:

“Three supplications are answered: the supplication of the fasting person,
the supplication of the one who is oppressed and the supplication of the
traveller” . [Saheeh – Reported by al-‘Uqailee in ad -Du’afaa.].

Therefore, in this month of Ramadaan, there is for you a supplication which
will be answered. So seize this opportunity and call profusely upon Allaah
during this month, and in particular at the time of breaking the fast
(iftar), since the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “Indeed there
is for the fasting person when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is
not rejected.” [Reported in Ibn Maajah & others. Declared saheeh by

And be sure in your heart that your du’aa will be answered and know that
Allaah does not respond to a heedless and inattentive heart. Call upon Him
with supplications for anything good and hopefully you will attain the good
of this life and the Hereafter.

Source: Taken from “Ad-Dawah illallaah Magazine”

والحمد للّه أولا وآخراً. والله وليّ التوفيق وصلى اللّه على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم
و جزاك الله خيرا علي حسن المتابعة  و حياكم الله

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمدُ للهِ ربِّ العالمين والصلاةُ والسلامُ على رسوله الأمين;

أما بعد

فالسلام عليكم و رحمة الله

فعَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : ( فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ، صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ ، أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ عَلَى الْعَبْدِ وَالْحُرِّ ، وَالذَّكَرِ وَالأُنْثَى ، وَالصَّغِيرِ وَالْكَبِيرِ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ، وَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُؤَدَّى قَبْلَ خُرُوجِ النَّاسِ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ ) رواه البخاري (1503) ومسلم 984

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (radhiAllahu ‘anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allaah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saa’ of dates or a saa’ of barley, upon everyone, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he enjoined that it be paid before the people went out to pray.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1503) and Muslim (984).

One matter many Muslims are negligent of in Ramadan is Zakat al-Fitr. Every Muslim is obligated to pay this to the poor Muslims of their community, although the Lajna has a fatwa indicating it may be given to a foreign Muslim community in greater need.  The head of the household must pay it on behalf of those he looks after, including children and newborns (its optional for a fetus).  It consists of a staple food in the amount of one saa’, i.e. four times the amount that may be held in the two hands of a man of average build.  Meaning, four times the amount shown in this picture:

(Zakat ul Fitr = ~3kg of food)

Although Imam Abu Haneefah, Hasan al-Basri, Umar ibn Abd al Azeez and some others allowed distributing Zakat ul Fitr in the form of money, know that the majority of our ulamaa’ state that it must be distributed in the form of food.  The fact of the matter is, the practice of Rasulallah, salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and the Sahaabah was to always pay it in the form of food.  So if you pay it in money, be prepared to defend yourself on the Day of Judgement for doing so.

As for when it is to be distributed, the Hanafis and Shafi’is believe it may be distributed from the beginning of Ramadhan, although the stronger opinion is that of al Hanbalis and al Maalikis which states it is to be distributed on the day of Eid, but before salaat al Eid, or one to two days prior to that.  Their evidence is Ibn ‘Umar’s, radhiAllahu ‘anhu, above mentioned hadeeth as well as his statement:

وَكَانُوا يُعطُونَ قَبلَ الفِطرِ بِيَومٍ أَو يَومَينِ- رواه البخاري 1511

“They used to give (zakaat) al-fitr one or two days before (Eid).” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1511).

Lastly, know that by paying Zakat ul Fitr you are making up for the deficiencies in your fasting, as Ibn Abbas, radhiAllahu ‘anhu, states:

فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ ، طُهْرَةً لِلصَّائِمِ مِنْ اللَّغْوِ وَالرَّفَثِ ، وَطُعْمَةً لِلْمَسَاكِينِ – رواه أبو داود 1609

“The Messenger of Allaah (salallahu Alayhi wasallam) enjoined zakaat al-fitr as a purification for the fasting person from idle talk and obscene speech, and to feed the poor.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (1609)

والحمد للّه أولا وآخراً. والله وليّ التوفيق وصلى اللّه على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم