Khutbah- The Grave

12Mar10

إن الحمد لله نحمده ونستعينه ونستغفره ونعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا من يهده الله فلا مضل له ومن يضلل فلا هادي له وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفس واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالا كثيرا ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيبا

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا . يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم

ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما

أما بعد

We all know the famous hadeeth reported in Saheeh Muslim where Jibreel came to Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and asked him, “What is emaan?”  To which he replied (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam): “Emaan is to affirm your faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, the meeting with Him, His Messengers and that you affirm your faith in the Resurrection.”

And we know that part of affirming our faith in the Resurrection is to believe in all that was taught to us regarding it by Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).  And this includes belief in the trials of the grave, belief in the actual standing on the Day of Judgment, belief in the sorting of the people of the Fire from the people of Jannah and everything else related to it.

We all know that after we die, we stay in our graves until the Day of Judgment.  But how will we spend our time in our graves?

Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) narrates to us the events that take place immediately after a person dies.

It was narrated that al-Bara’ ibn ‘Aazib said: “We went out with Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) for the funeral of a man from among the Ansaar. We came to the grave and when the deceased man was placed in the coffin, Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) sat down and we sat around him, as if there were birds on our heads (i.e., quiet and still).

In his hand he had a stick with which he was scratching the ground. Then he raised his head and said, “Seek refuge with Allaah from the torment of the grave”, two or three times. Then he said, “When the believing slave is about to depart this world and enter the Hereafter, there come down to him from heaven angels with white faces like the sun, and they sit around him for as far as the eye can see. They bring with them shrouds and perfumes from Paradise.

Then the Angel of Death comes and sits by his head and says, ‘O good soul, come forth to forgiveness from Allaah and His pleasure.’ Then it comes out easily like a drop of water from the mouth of a waterskin. When he seizes it, they do not leave it in his hand for an instant before they take it and put it in that shroud with that perfume, and there comes from it a fragrance like the finest musk on the face of the earth.

Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they ask, ‘Who is this good soul?’ and they say, “It is So and so the son of So and so”, calling him by the best names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is opened, and (the soul) is welcomed and accompanied to the next heaven by those who are closest to Allaah, until they reach the seventh heaven. Then Allaah says: ‘Record the book of My slave in ‘Illiyoon in the seventh heaven, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’

So his soul is returned to his body and there comes to him two angels who make him sit up and they ask him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Allaah.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘My religion is Islam.’ They say, ‘Who is this man who was sent among you?’ He says, ‘He is Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).’ They say, ‘What did you do?’ He says, ‘I read the Book of Allaah and I believed in it.’ Then a voice calls out from heaven, ‘My slave has spoken the truth, so prepare for him a bed from Paradise and clothe him from Paradise, and open for him a gate to Paradise.’ Then there comes to him some of its fragrance, and his grave is made wide, as far as he can see. Then there comes to him a man with a handsome face and handsome clothes, and a good fragrance, who says, ‘Receive the glad tidings that will bring you joy this day.’ He says, ‘Who are you? Your face is a face which brings glad tidings.’ He says, ‘I am your righteous deeds.’ He says, ‘O Lord, hasten the Hour so that I may return to my family and my wealth.’…”

And this is the fate of a righteous muslim who dies on pure Islam.

So what about the fate of the kuffar?

Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) continues by saying,

“But when the disbelieving slave is about to depart this world and enter the Hereafter, there come down to him from heaven angels with black faces, bringing a sackcloth, and they sit around him as far as the eye can see. Then the Angel of Death comes and sits by his head, and he says, ‘O evil soul, come forth to the wrath of Allaah and His anger.’ Then his soul disperses inside his body, then comes out cutting the veins and nerves, like a hot skewer being pulled through wet wool.

When he seizes it, they do not leave it in his hand for an instant before they take it and put it in that sackcloth, and there comes from it a stench like the foulest stench of a dead body on the face of the earth. Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this evil soul?’ and they say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so, calling him by the worst names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is not opened.”

Then Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) recited,

لاَ تُفَتَّحُ لَهُمْ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاء وَلاَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى يَلِجَ الْجَمَلُ فِي سَمِّ الْخِيَاطِ…

for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle (al- Araf 7:40)

“Then Allaah says, ‘Record the book of My slave in Sijjeen in the lowest earth, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is cast down.”

Then Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) recited the verse,

وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاء فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ

“and whoever assigns partners to Allaah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place” (al-Hajj 22:31)

“Then his soul is returned to his body, and there come to him two angels who make him sit up and they say to him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘Oh, uhh, I don’t know.’ Then a voice calls out from heaven, ‘Prepare for him a bed from Hell and clothe him from Hell, and open for him a gate to Hell.’

Then there comes to him some of its heat and hot winds, and his grave is constricted and compresses him until his ribs interlock. Then there comes to him a man with an ugly face and ugly clothes, and a foul stench, who says, ‘Receive the bad news, this is the day that you were promised.’ He says, ‘Who are you? Your face is a face which forebodes evil.’ He says, ‘I am your evil deeds.’ And he replies, ‘O Lord, do not let the Hour come, do not let the Hour come.’”

PART 2

We know that a Muslim isn’t allowed to enter Jannah until he is cleansed from all of his sins, and the scholars have listed the various ways which Allah uses to cleanse us of our sins.

These include:

1. Tawbah- sincere repentance made to Allah while one is still alive

2. Doing righteous deeds sincerely for the sake of Allah

3. Suffering from any calamity, illness or physical harm in this life

And others.

Another means which Allah may use to purify one from his sins is to punish him in the grave.

We also remind ourselves that for our deeds to be accepted by Allah, they need to meet two criteria:

The first is that it should be done to please Allah alone and nobody else.

And the second is that it should be done in accordance to the Sunnah of Rasulallah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).  For we know that every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance leads to the Fire

We know that Allah uses these good deeds to wipe out our sins from the ayaat in surat al-Furqan where Allah says,

Except those who repent and believe (in Islâmic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allâh will change their sins into good deeds, and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al-Furqan 25:70)

We ask Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) to protect us from the punishment in the grave and to make the best of our days the day we meet Him.

والحمد للّه أولا وآخراً. والله وليّ التوفيق وصلى اللّه على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم

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